A small triangular area of salmon-colored stomach lining is found in the esophagus. This is Barrett's esophagus.
Barrett's esophagus is usually a result of long-term GERD.
The main importance is that it can lead to cancer of the esophagus. This is a very difficult to treat cancer. The best approach is to prevent it and if one cannot, then detect it early.
Patients with Barrett's esophagus should get regular check ups.
Obesity, smoking, alcohol are some of the other factors promoting development of Barrett's and cancer.
The diagnosis is best made by the upper endoscopy (EGD) with biopsy.
The main treatment at this time is to control reflux with lifestyle changes and medications as necessary and reduce the factors which promote cancer.
Newer techniques to burn off this abnormal lining are available now for some patients.